However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.

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In the 13th Edict, Ashoka accurately names all of the rulers in the Hellenistic world at the time of the inscription: Atash Bahram Modern Temples: The citadel in the south, which is on a 60 m high loess-covered natural mound, has not been khanoym yet, although it must have had massive walls and high towers.

Statue of an old man, from the gymnasium. One khanum the more entertaining anecdotes highlighting the influence of Hellenistic culture is provided by ancient historian Plutarch: One of these economic inscriptions relates in Greek the deposit of olive oil jars in the treasury:.

Ai-Khanoum was one such settlement. Ancient Indus Valley Civilisation. This was the birth of the Silk Road. They are Indian-standard square coins bearing the representations of Indian deities, which have been variously interpreted as VishnuShivaVasudevaBuddha or Balarama.

Plate from Ai Khanum Alexandria on Oxus. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Numerous Greco-Bactrian coins were found, down to Eucratidesbut none of them later. The same symbol was used on various Seleucid eastern coins, suggesting that they were probably minted in Ai-Khanoum.

This suggests important trade contacts with the Mediterranean, through long and expensive land routes. Lastly, Ai-Khanoum was located at the very doorstep of Ancient Indiaallowing it interact directly with the Indian subcontinent. Despite its destruction, the cultural legacy of Ai-Khanoum and other Hellenistic cities like it would endure for generations, not to mention the important role these settlements played in the development of the famous Silk Road.


Among the Greek settlers in Ai Khanum were Thessalian cavalrymen, which appears to be confirmed by the following inscription:. In a Lieutenant Wood heard local people refer to the site as “Barbarrah”. Email required Address never made public. It could even be a Greek depiction of Mithra we can postulate that the Greeks would have anthroporphized any Aryan god or Zoroastrian angel.

In the late 4th Century BCE, the great Persian Empire was toppled by the young Macedonian king, initiating a remarkable cultural diaspora. The new colonies were likely intended to serve as centres of Macedonian power and control in newly conquered regions. One of the Bactrian kings, Eucratides I c. The actual content of these edicts also gives a clear indication of the level of exchange between India and the Hellenistic world. In addition, the entire site was littered with Greek-style sculptures and artwork, including column capitals carved in the Corinthian style.

This second coming was to prove the dawn of a golden age for the Kingdom, which began to prosper as it expanded in all directions, reaching its territorial peak in BCE. From literary sources, we can deduce that an Alexandria on the Oxus or: In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Mineral resources were abundant in the back country towards the Hindu Kushespecially the famous so-called ” rubies ” actually, spinel from Badakshanand gold.

Ai-Khanoum – Wikipedia

Coordinates on Wikidata Interlanguage link template khqnoum number Articles containing Greek-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Commons category link is on Wikidata CS1 French-language sources fr. A more likely candidate is Kampyr Tepe in Uzbekistan. The most famous of these cities was the first Alexandria, located in Egypt and destined to become the greatest city in the xi world.

Portrait of a man, found in the administrative palace. You are commenting using your WordPress. Safeguarding the Bactrian Treasure. Unfortunately, Ai-Khanoum would not survive to benefit from trade with China.


As part of this, Alexander established new settlements in strategic locations, populating them with Macedonian and Greek settlers. Ai-Khanoum also yielded unique Greco-Bactrian coins of Agathoclesconsisting of six Indian-standard silver drachms depicting Hindu deities. A few years after the foundation of the city, around BC, the Indian Emperor Ashoka was carving a rock inscription in Greek and Aramaic addressed to the Greeks in the region, the Kandahar Edict of Ashokain the nearby city of Kandahar.

Altogether, six such Indian-standard silver drachmas in the name of Agathocles were discovered at Ai-Khanoum in Indeed, it had all the hallmarks of a Classical Greek city; a large gymnasium one of the largest in the ancient worlda 6, seat amphitheatre, temples to Greek gods and a number of Greek-style houses, complete with collonaded courtyards. It is not clear exactly how Ai-Khanoum was destroyed, but archaeologists suggest it was totally abandoned by BCE and there is evidence of huge fires in all the major buildings in the city.

Location of the Dashly Sites. As a child, be orderly, As a youth, be self-controlled, As an adult, be just, As an old man, be of good counsel, When dying, be without sorrow. The Greeks in the East: Cambridge University Press, However, the images do not have to be those of a Greek goddess. In some cases, only the hands and feet would be made in marble.

Author: K. E. Eduljee

Alexander Hamer 5 Comments. Silk Roads Trading Centre. Were Ancient Zoroastrians Vegetarian? The discovery of Ai-Khanoum also gives a new perspective on the influence of Greek culture in the East, and kuanoum the influence of the Greeks on the development of Greco-Buddhist art. Ai-Khanoum, 2nd century BC.

The city became rich because it controlled the trade in lapis lazuli, but it was also situated on the Silk road.