Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Berlioz was one of the first composers to deal greatly with orchestration. In this treatise he talks about what the different sounds that instruments make (tone. Includes full-score musical examples from works by Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven, Music History and Theory – Books on Music; /; Treatise on Instrumentation.

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But as large orchestras always have four bassoons, the composer may with advantage write four real parts, or better still, three parts with instrumfntation lowest doubled an octave below, to give more strength to the bass line. Pieces that have a sprightly character, that are vehement or petulant, display in my view when performed on the melodium the bad taste of the player, or the ignorance of the composer, or the ignorance and bad taste of both at brlioz.

Treatise on Instrumentation

Fortunately this system has now been almost entirely abandoned. The table below outlines the contents of this page. But progress moves more slowly in theatres, and it will take another twenty five years to bring this about. We mentioned that the clarinet has four registers; each of these has its innstrumentation timbre.

Treatise On Instrumentation

Gluck is the only master who seems to me to have understood how to make excellent use of these pale tones. A vigorous marcato rhythm in a vast treatisf piece or a frenzied dance gains a great deal by being played not by a single pair of cymbals but by four, six, ten or even more, depending on the size of the venue and the numbers of the other instruments and voices.

This timbre is also so clear and penetrating that one can pick out a single soprano saxhorn through a considerable mass of other wind instruments. This betrayal will be even more obvious and reprehensible if it involves, for example, the A clarinet [which alone could play a low C sharp].

Thus the ritornello in the oon from Robert le Diable [by Meyerbeer ], “mon fils, mon fils, ma tendresse assidue”, is teeatise suited to the cornet. But to write for it as has been done these last fifteen years, where it is introduced in every ensemble, in every finale, in the slightest chorus, in dance tunes, even in cavatinas, this is the height of insanity and, to call things by their name, of brutality. Given time, care and the necessary expenditurethis is how it could be done in Paris.


And yet it would be interesting to try once to make simultaneous use of all the musical resources that can be assembled in Paris, in a work specially written for the occasion. Beroioz are being made at this moment to block the progress of music on other fronts. Meyerbeer has been able to draw a distinctive and formidable sound by combining the side drum with the timpani for the celebrated crescendo roll in ijstrumentation scene of the blessing of the daggers in Les Huguenots.

It is a melancholy, dreamy and rather noble voice, with a somewhat subdued and distant instrumehtation. Bells have been introduced into orchestral writing to produce effects that are dramatic rather than musical. The orchestra may be thought of as a large instrument that is capable of producing simultaneously or in succession a multitude of sounds of different kinds. This is beriloz, and devoid of pomp and splendour. Click here to receive the Viola Calendar, with daily micro viola news and special offers!

These musicians had developed a taste for dissonant chords, rather like certain animals have a taste for salt, prickly plants and thorny shrubs. Messe solennelle Grande messe des mortsOp. Straussand Rimsky-Korsakov. The true reason is that it had not occurred to them to make use of this special timbre.

Treatise on instrumentation and orchestration by Hector Berlioz

It is just as agile as the violin. As with the bass drum, cymbals, timpani, trombones, and all instruments that have a thunderous, explosive or reverberating sound, the triangle is nowadays deplorably misused. If the tiers have been erected in a theatre, the stage must be perfectly sealed at the end, to the right, the left and above by a wooden enclosure. A small and flimsy vaudeville orchestra can be noisywhere a great mass of musicians properly deployed will be extremely gentle and, even in its most vehement outbursts, will produce the most beautiful sounds.

Hector Berlioz’s Treatise on instrumentation and orchestration

It can also convey a degree of agitation, but one must be careful not to intensify this to cries of passion, to vehement outbursts of anger, threats or heroism: The purpose of the present work is therefore first to indicate the range of some essential parts of the mechanism of the instruments, then to proceed to the study, hitherto much neglected, of the nature of the timbrethe peculiar character and expressive potential berlioa each of them, and finally to that of the best methods known of combining them in an appropriate manner.

Leave me a comment in the box below. Then it was not possible at the time to write for violas distinctive parts which required from the players a normal degree of proficiency.


Selected pages Title Page. It cannot be shaken to produce its sound except at well spaced intervals, that is about twice in a bar in a moderate tempo.

All rights of reproduction reserved for the texts and translations on this page. The resulting sounds produce accompaniments which singers appreciate, as they do not cover their voices. They are suitable for a whole range of soft or loud nuances for which the other sticks would produce a very poor effect or would at least be inadequate. The oboe would have sounded too childlike and its voice would not have seemed pure enough.

The melodium instrumentayion not have the mixture stops of the organ, the effect greatise which is traditionally admired by many people, but which in reality are an open door to the most dreadful confusion. Sticks with a wooden head covered with leather are less harsh; their sound is less brilliant though still very dry.

Let us just say that instrumentation is at the head of the march and has reached the stage of exaggeration. Nowadays violas are often divided into first and second. It commands all the accents, grave or powerful, of high musical poetry, from imposing and calm religious tones to the frenzied clamour of an orgy. Back treatuse Home Page.

A new edition of the original Treatise was published in as volume 24 of the New Berlioz Edition. Their effect is enhanced and ennobled in proportion to the numbers used; a single side drum, particularly when used in an ordinary orchestra, has always seemed to me trivial and vulgar. Sometimes the ophicleide is used to replace it, but its tone does not have the same depth as its range is the knstrumentation as that of the standard bassoon and not an octave lower; in any case its timbre is of a quite different character from berpioz of the double-bassoon.

When they were unable to think straightaway of a few notes to fill in the chords they quickly fell back on the inevitable indication col bassoand did so in such a careless way that the result was sometimes an octave doubling of the bass line which was incompatible either with the harmony, or with the melody, or with both at once.

The practice of some masters nowadays of treating the three trombones and ophicleide as a quartet, with the latter taking the real bass part, may not be above reproach.