Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. Renaissance. Library has v. only. Library’s v. 1 has hand-colored ill. prepared as a presentation copy for Gesner who has signed the title page inscription.

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The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy. Retrieved 26 September Historiae Animalium was his masterwork, published between and University of Chicago Press.

It has pages of list of his life events including each year. A Celebration of Philadelphia Libraries: Science and the Secrets of Nature: The colored woodcut illustrations were the first real attempts to represent animals in their natural environment. The Meaning of Fossils. Gesner was, instead, raised by his great-uncle because of economic hardship of his own family, which, however, might have brought up his interest in natural study, as his great-uncle Frick was passionate about botany.

Most importantly, he was concerned with precise identification. The purpose of the book is defined in several books and articles as an encyclopedia as Gesner himself purports itthough the specific source of my knowledge of it came from Acheson’s article.

Views Read Edit View history. The Historia animalium is the first modern zoological work that attempts to describe all the animals known, and the first bibliography of natural history writings.

In his larger works Gessner sought to distinguish fact from myth and popular misconceptions, [4] and so his encyclopedic work included both extinct creatures and newly discovered animals of the East Indiesthose of the far north and animals brought back from the New World. Library Company of Phil, Steven It also included their uses in medicine and nutrition. An Inventory of Renaissance Zoology. He likely used other illustrators as well as himself; [3] the book is however famous for copying illustrations vonrad other sources, including Durer’s Rhinoceros from a well-known woodcut.

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Huxley, Robert; et al.

Historiae Animalium

The generously illustrated work was so popular that Gessner’s abridgement, Thierbuch “Animal Book”was published in Zurich inand in England Edward Topsell translated and condensed it as a Historie of foure-footed beastes London: Essays in Interpretation. This page was last edited on 8 Mayat Wikimedia Commons has media related to Historiae Animalium.

Gesner’s purpose was to present as much information and knowledge as possible in the book so that it could function as an encylopedia that people would look up to consult, instead of being something that would be read from the beginning to the end.

The five volumes of natural history of animals cover more than pages. The book has five volumes in total; the first voulme on four-footed beasts, the second volume on egg-laying quadrupeds, the third volume on birds, the fourth on aquatic animals, and the last volume that was published after Gesner death on serpents.

Jardine, Secord; et al. Natural History in Renaissance Europe.

Trinity College – Conrad Gesner’s Animals

Retrieved 29 November After his study of nature and medicine, and after collected books and botanical, zoological specimens, he studied and investigated nature and science.

Retrieved from ” https: As a student he had studied classics and language, but afterwards he began traveling and observing the diversity of the natural world.

It included Biblical and classical sources, referenced both Hstoriae and Physiologus, as well as folklore and earlier bestiaries. Gessner acknowledges one of his main illustrators was Lucas Schan[8] an artist from Strasbourg. Historia animalium showed the animals’ places in historyliterature and art.


Historia animalium by Conrad Gessner

Although monsters are not all not confined to Book IV, the fourth book dedicated to creatures of the sea includes many wonderful scenes of sea serpents and terrifying whale monsters attacking ships and sailors, including one of the most famous images from this work is his woodcut of the Great Orm, a Scandinavian sea monster most likely copied from the Carta Marina of Olaus Magnus.

His book was the first to present fossil illustrations so students may more easily recognize objects that cannot be very clearly described in words.

Born in Zurich, linguist, naturalist, and botanist Conrad Gesner spelled variously in different locations and publications, often Konrad Gesner or Conrad Gessner dedicated his time to amassing an enormous library and collecting information on the natural world.

His study of classical laugnage continued more than 10 years until he started studying medicine during his free time, day and night. It described in detail their daily habits and movements. It is compiled from ancient and medieval texts, including the inherited knowledge of ancient naturalists like AristotlePliny the Elder[1] and Aelian.

Historia animalium libri I-IV. History of science Philosophy of biology Teleology Ethnobotany Eugenics History of the creation-evolution controversy Human Genome Project Humboldtian science Natural history Natural philosophy Natural theology Relationship between religion and science Timeline of biology and organic chemistry.

The Historia animalium was Gessner’s magnum opusand was the most widely read of all the Renaissance natural histories.

The history of four-footed beasts and serpents and insects. Conrad Gessner’s “Historia Animalium”: