Classification formerly 2 phylum names 1. Coelenterata – hollow gut 2. Cnidaria – nettle. Results FILUM CNIDARIA (COELENTERATA) Drive Core Phase 1. Filum Cnidaria dan Ctenophora termasuk kelompok hewan coelenterata. 2 body types. Diploblastic- two germ layers. Phylum Cnidaria. Mesoglea not true layer. 6. Filum Cnidaria: ubur-ubur, terumbu karang, hydroids, anemone laut.

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Some have no polyp stages and some e. Most medusae are slow-swimming, planktonic animals. In Pursuit of the Earth’s Last Dinosaur. Cnidarianalso called coelenterateany member of the phylum Cnidaria Coelenterataa group made up of more than 9, living cniidaria. However, both cnidarians and ctenophores are more complex than sponges as they have: The curious hemispherical anemone Liponema is the most abundant benthic invertebrate in the Gulf of Alaskain terms of numbers cnidarua biomass.

Anthozoa sea anemones and corals. We think you have liked this presentation.

Cnidaria – Wikipedia

The edges of the mouths of some scyphomedusae are elaborated into mouth arms that trail behind the slowly swimming jellyfish, presenting huge surfaces for food gathering. Ichthyosporea Pluriformea Syssomonas Corallochytrea. The traditional grouping of Scyphozoa included the Staurozoabut morphology and molecular phylogenetics indicate that Staurozoa are more closely related to Cubozoa box jellies than to other “Scyphozoa”. Recent phylogenetic analyses support monophyly of cnidarians, as well as the position of cnidarians as the sister group of bilaterians.


The main components of a cnidocyte are: The alternative name, coelenterate, refers to their simple organization around a central body cavity cnnidaria coelenteron. In polyps, the water-filled coelenteron acts as a hydrostatic skeleton, which, in concert with the mesoglea, maintains the form of these animals.

A few scyphozoan polyps have comparable chitinous skeletons.

Cristidiscoidea Zoosporia Opisthosporidia True fungi. In some species, the medusae remain attached to the polyp and are responsible for sexual reproduction; in extreme cases these reproductive zooids may not look much like medusae.

Sea anemones that are attached to firm substrata can creep slowly on their pedal disks or detach altogether, often in response to unfavourable physical conditions or to attack by predators.

The tubule may be adhesiveor it may entangle the object. Most are not harmful to humans, but some can impart a painful sting—such as Physaliathe Portuguese man-of-warand sea cnidara of the genus Actinodendron.

Since the parents are immobile, these feeding capabilities extend the larvae’s range and avoid overcrowding of sites.

Introduction to Cnidaria

Sponges, coelenterates, flatworms, and aschelminths. Both are radially symmetricallike a wheel and a tube respectively. When a cnidarian contacts a predator or prey item, the capsule opens and the tubule everts.

It is found in gypsum deposits, at the tips of calcite crystals, in mollusk shells and pearls, and in living reef structures. They lack cephalization concentration of sensory organs in a headtheir bodies have two cell layers rather than the three of so-called higher animals, and the saclike coelenteron has one opening the mouth.


Developmental Models For Ediacaran Fronds”. Some large jellyfish species of the Rhizostomae order are commonly consumed in JapanKorea and Southeast Asia.


It is now generally thought that cnnidaria Calcarea sponges with calcium carbonate spicules are more closely related to Cnidaria, Ctenophora comb jellies and Bilateria all the more complex animals than they are to the other groups of sponges. Hence, cnidarians and ctenophores have traditionally been labelled diploblasticalong with sponges.

Evidence, however, favours there being some organismal control over their firing, which may consist only of adjusting the threshold for firing, or the selectivity. For example, gastrozooids bear tentacles and are specialized for feeding. The Wikibook Dichotomous Key has a page on the topic of: Variety and symmetry of body forms, varied coloration, and the sometimes complex life histories of cnidarians fascinate layperson and scientist alike.

Once the food is in the digestive cavity, gland cells in the gastroderm release enzymes that reduce the prey to slurry, usually within a few hours. In addition, fire corals have a sharp, calcified external skeleton that can scrape the skin. Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback.