Postmetaphysical Thinking (Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought) [ Jürgen Habermas, William Mark Hohengarten] on *FREE*. It is hard to think of a contemporary philosopher whose achievement rivals that of Jürgen Habermas, in terms of range, comprehensiveness and. Postmetaphysical thinking reflects an acceptance of principled critiques of earlier, more metaphysi- cal approaches to philosophical questions. For Habermas.
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But, in the first part he concedes further weaknesses of purely discursive procedures.
Postmetaphysical Thinking II | Social Philosophy | General Philosophy | Subjects | Wiley
Soft naturalists typically argue that the human world of meaning, mentation and responsible agency, and the world viewed as a causal nexus of physical processes are not in conflict with one another. Part II is concerned with the venerable question of the relation between faith and knowledge; with his habitual intellectual generosity, Habermas offers extensive, thoughtful and learned responses to the papers which were presented by theologians and philosophers of religion at two conferences devoted to his work, in New York and Vienna.
Legitimation Crisis73 But now this problem becomes much more central to his thinking. His writings have dealt with the philosophy of language and communication, the basis of moral consciousness, the philosophy of history and the evolution of social life since the dawn of human time, sociological theory on the grand scale, political philosophy and legal theory, and — increasingly — the philosophy of religion.
Would you like to change to the site? Hence, up until the publication of Knowledge and Human Habernas in the late s, he conceived of critical social theory as helping members of modern societies to become aware of and capable of overcoming the unperceived constraints and ideological rigidities which prevent them from collectively shaping the social order they inhabit.
It renounces as outdated any philosophical vision of the world imbued with substantive values. What balance sheet can we draw up of his tackling of these issues, on the evidence of the current volume? He is thus concerned with developing a theory of individuation within a discourse of social differentiation.
Postmetaphysical thinking appears postmetzphysical coincide with the movement away from metaphysical philosophies of reflection of which Hegel is understood to be the final innovator. He conceives of this balancing act as dependent on a reciprocal learning process, in which religious believers come to acknowledge the legitimacy of other faiths, the epistemic standing of modern science, and the principles of the liberal democratic order from which they too benefit, while non-believers treat their religious fellow citizens without condescension, and even remain open to insights which may be encapsulated in the language of a faith they do not share.
The final section includes essays on the role of religion in the political context of a post-secular, liberal society. Such a conflation, Apel argued, is dangerous, because it encourages the belief that reflective political engagement in a risk-laden concrete situation could itself have the status of a kind of science.
Postmeetaphysical then it finds itself intimately linked to extra-philosophical sources haberkas meaning — pre-eminently religion — that are characterized by a fusion of validity spheres. It needs this connection in order to make up for what it has renounced by insisting on their separation.
In Postmetaphysical Thinking Habermas begins to portray religion as a reservoir of such insights, with which philosophy must learn to co-exist, and from which it can indeed learn.
The type postmstaphysical self-reflection achieved, for example, by the patient in psychoanalysis — who begins to penetrate and comprehend the opacities of her individual life history — is a process quite distinct from the kind of transcendental reflection inaugurated by Kant, which seeks to delineate the universal structures underpinning cognition and other human competencies.
Habermas likes to portray such a situation as giving the dialectic of enlightenment one more twist. Religion and Postmetaphysical Thinking: At the same time, according to Habermas, elected legislators, judges, and other public officials, are under an obligation to frame their decisions in a neutral, secular language, in order that their reasons be accessible to all citizens. William Mark Hohengarten, Cambridge The New Philosophical Interest in Religion. The volume is divided into three parts, each of which deals with the thjnking between philosophy — or, more generally, rational argumentative discourse — and religion, but focuses on a distinct domain of philosophical enquiry.
Habermas’s Postmetaphysical thinking
For him, the human life-world is constituted and interpreted by means of a repertoire of concepts incommensurable with those of the natural sciences. How to orient oneself in this vast body of work? In the final part, Habermas explores the implications for democratic politics of this acknowledgement of the enduring roots of religion in the basic dynamics of human sociality. Many soft naturalists are happy to leave it at that, indifferent to the objection that perspectives that expect to be taken seriously imply ontological commitments.
Such a demand, as put forward by Rawls, would place an unreasonable strain on individuals who are not in a position to separate their religious perspective on practical matters from their whole way of being in the world. In the second section, the uneasy relationship between religion and postmetaphysical thinking takes centre stage. The theory of communicative reason does not offer us the image of a possible future condition of free and egalitarian intersubjective relations.
But is this a distinction without a difference?
Postmetaphysical Thinking II
Table of contents Reviews Linguistification of the Sacred. Habermas argues that a distinctively human form of social life first emerged when action-coordination became dependent on the communicative forging of a shared perspective on objects in the world — a feat of which higher primates, despite their intelligence and ability to use signals, are not capable.
For him, metaphysics is the enterprise of framing nabermas comprehensive view of the world, and the place of human beings within it, in which cognitive, normative and evaluative perspectives are fused.
Thomas McCarthy, Cambridge However, in a response to the book, his lifelong friend and colleague Karl-Otto Apel pointed out that Habermas had conflated two distinct meanings of self-reflection. Request an Evaluation Copy for this title. In addition to these multiple strands of activity, over the years Habermas has also published twelve volumes of Kleine Politische Schriftenhis interventions — sometimes more academic, sometimes more journalistic and even polemical — on topical social and political issues.
Postmetaphysical thinking is, in the first place, the historical answer to the crisis of metaphysics following Hegel, when the central metaphysical figures of thought began to totter under the pressure exerted by social developments and by developments within science. Hence both Kierkegaard and Marx are seen as paths away from this type of thought and stepping stones on the way to functional sociologies and psychologies that set in motion the procedures of communication theory.
As an inheritor of the Hegelian-Marxist tradition of the Frankfurt School, Habermas began with the assumption that humankind can be understood as a kind of macro-subject of its own history — albeit, so far, in an unconscious, self-estranged guise.