At the center of the Jewish daily prayers are the 19 blessings that make up the silent prayer, known in Hebrew as the Amidah (lit. “standing”) or Shemoneh Esrei . The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. The Amidah also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה ), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy.

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Thou art merciful, for Thy kindnesses never are complete: The main reason for this amidab that the Talmud says it is forbidden to ask for one’s personal needs on Shabbat. Some say one should face the direction which would be the shortest distance to Jerusalem, i.

yebrew Some say this was derived from Abraham who “came forward” to pray for the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah Genesis One bows again during the eighteenth blessing, for thanksgiving, both at the beginning, during the words ” Modim anahnu lakh ” We thank you and at the end with the words ” Baruch atah. Use dmy dates from November Articles containing Hebrew-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles containing Yiddish-language text Articles with unsourced statements from June One who stands in the diaspora should face the Land of Israel, as it is said, “They shall pray to You by way of their Land” ibid.

Parts of this middle blessing, the paragraph that begins, ” elohenu velohei avotenu retze bmnuchatenu ” Our God and God of our Father, przyer pleased with our restand the part that contains requests to “sanctify us through Thy commandments,” remain the same on every Shabbat and festival. The name “Amidah,” which literally is the Hebrew gerund of “standing,” comes from the fact that the worshipper recites the prayer while standing with feet firmly together.

The Amidah is preferably said facing Jerusalemas the patriarch Jacob proclaimed, “And this [place] is the gateway to Heaven,” [25] where prayers may ascend. Our God and God of our Ancestors!

Retrieved 17 April This page was last edited on 29 Novemberat The beginning of this middle blessing changes, however, between the hebree services of the day. The last middle blessing shomea tfila is abridged. It is occasionally performed in Orthodox prayers in some communities it is customary for mincha to be recited in this wayand more common in Conservative and Reform congregations.

The typical weekday Ni actually consists of nineteen blessings, though it originally had eighteen hence the alternative name Shemoneh Esrehmeaning “Eighteen”. A newer version omits references to sacrifices entirely.


Jewish Prayers: The Amidah

Jonathan David Publishers, Similarly, one takes three steps back upon finishing the final meditation after the Amidah, and then says while bowing left, right, and forward, “He who makes peace in the heavens, may He make peace for us and all Israel, and let us say, Amen.

The Reform version begins like the traditional text, but in place of the petition for the ingathering of the exiles, it goes on to emphasize hope for universal freedom. In many synagogues in the west, the ark is on the eastern wall of the synagogue for this reason.

The Talmud indicates that when Rabbi Gamaliel II undertook to uniformly codify the public service and to regulate private devotion, he amidaah Samuel ha-Katan to write another paragraph inveighing against informers and hereticswhich was inserted as the twelfth prayer in modern sequence, making the number of blessings nineteen. The additional blessing against heretics was initially meant to combat the threats posed by the Samaritan and Sadducee sects, and was permanently added to the liturgy when Jewish converts to Christianity began to inform on Jews to the Roman authorities.

The Shulchan Aruch thus advises that one pray using a translation one can understand, though learning the meaning of the Hebrew liturgy is ideal. It consist of only seven blessings – the usual first three and last zmidah, plus a middle blessing named after its first word, Havineinu.

Jerusalem – Blessing Fourteen of the Amidah

Blessing prayeer the Seas and Oceans. Rain is mentioned here because God’s provision of rain is considered to be as great a manifestation of His power as the resurrection. This would be represented by a straight line on a Mercator projectionwhich would be east-southeast from New York. The paragraph thanks God for the ability to separate between the holy and mundane, aimdah the concepts found in the Havdalah ceremony.

On festivalslike on Shabbat, the intermediate 13 blessings are replaces by a single blessing concerning “Sanctification of the Day” prayer. The repetition’s original purpose was to give illiterate members of the congregation a chance to be included in the chazzan’s Amidah by answering “Amen.

The biblical passage referring to the Mussaf sacrifice of the day is recited. In the blessing concerning the Davidic dynastythe hope for restoration of the Davidic commonwealth is broadened into a concept of a Messianic Age.

Prayer for the Israel Defense Forces. In the fourth blessing, for knowledge ata chonenone adds atah honantanua declaration of separation between Shabbat and the week.

Amidah – Wikipedia

Kedushah is said only with a minyan quorem of tenand may not be interrupted for conversation. Where there is not much space, it has become the practice to take several tiny steps back before taking the three symbolic steps forward. The congregation traditionally stands during the entire repetition of this prayer, which contains a variety of confessional and supplicatory additions.


In the time of the Mishnahit was considered unnecessary to praher its text and content. One who stands in the Temple should face the Holy of Holies. Macmillan Reference USA, Reconstructionist and Reform Judaismconsistent with their views that the rhythm of the ancient sacrifices should no longer drive modern Jewish prayer, often omit some of the Amidah prayers, such as the Ni, omit temporal requirements, and omit references to the Temple and its sacrifices.

Prayer in Judaism is called avodah shebalev “service of the heart”.

In most of Israel and also in Sephardi congregations everywhere, the kohanim chant the blessing every day of the year during the shacharit Amidah in accordance with the practice in the Temple, and also during musaf whenever it is said. The Talmud understands this as a reminder of the practice in the Temple in Jerusalem, when those offering the daily sacrifices would walk backward from the altar after finishing.

Liberal branches of Judaism make some additional changes to the opening benedictions. More liberal Conservative congregations omit references to the Temple sacrifices entirely.

In the 5th century B. After the Second Temple’s destruction in 70 CE, the Council of Jamnia determined that the Amidah would substitute for the sacrifices, directly applying Hosea ‘s dictate, “So we will render for bullocks the offering of our lips. The rabbis add that this pose mirrors the vision of angels that Ezekiel had in prauer the feet of maidah angels appeared as one Ezekiel 1: Fill our hands with Thy blessings and the richness of the gifts of Thy hands.

One bends the knees when saying “Blessed,” then bows at hebrsw You,” and straightens while saying “O Lord. In Yemenite Jewish synagogues and some Sephardi synagogues, kohanim chant the priestly blessing daily, even outside Israel.

During these ten days, lines are inserted in the first pfayer and last two blessings and slight changes are made in the conclusions of the third and eleventh blessings to stress the role of God as king and judge. In order to reconcile kn various assertions of editorship, the Talmud concludes that the prayers had fallen into disuse, and that Gamaliel reinstituted them.